Military Policy & Weapons/Iraq


Wolfowitz and Pearl wanted the U.S. to attack Irac
and encouraged Pres Bush to go ahead with it.
    Was Isreal encouraging the same thing?
It was a controversial decision.  Scowcroft and others were
against it.
   Wolfowitz and Pearl are Jewish.
Was it an idea that originated in Isreal  -  maybe a jewish plan?


In his article, "Pro-Israel Hawks and the Second Gulf War," in the respected Middle East Research and Information Project (, Stanford U. professor Joel Beinin wrote:

"It is undoubtedly true that a group of neo-conservative true believers linked to Israel's Likud Party have become extremely influential in shaping George W. Bush's Middle East policy. But it is not the case that Israel and its Jewish supporters in the second Bush administration have somehow hijacked US Middle East policy to promote a war with Iraq. Many of those involved in pushing for an attack on Iraq are not Jewish—most prominently Dick Cheney and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld. The link between the most hawkish elements of the pro-Israel lobby and the second Bush administration is based on a confluence of interests and ideology, not ethnicity."

In their book, "The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy," John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt wrote, "The prowar faction believed that removing Saddam would improve America's and Israel's strategic position and launch a process of regional transformation that would benefit the United States and Israel alike. Israeli officials and former Israeli leaders supported these efforts, because they were eager to see the United States topple one of their main regional adversaries - and the man who had launched Scud missiles at Israel in 1991."

As you can see, therefore, the picture was complex. It is clear, however, that Israel favored the toppling of Saddam Hussein, though it neither participated of the "Coalition of the Willing" nor took an active role in Operation Iraqi Freedom.

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James Bruno


Diplomacy and foreign affairs. How government decision-making takes place. Interactions of the White House, State Dept., Pentagon, Congress and CIA in formulating policy. How governments deal with each other. Area expertise includes Afghanistan, Indochina, Europe, Cuba. Served in Guantanamo. Currently a member of the Diplomatic Readiness Reserve and Standby Response Corps.


23-years as a diplomat with the U.S. State Dept. Previously at the Defense Dept. Prior to joining government, worked as a journalist with major news organizations.

CBS-News, UPI; various newspapers. Bestselling novelist: TRIBE, PERMANENT INTERESTS and CHASM.

M.A. - U.S. Naval War College
M.A. - Columbia Univ.
B.A. - George Washington Univ.

Awards and Honors
Various in government.

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