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Question
Hello Ma'am,
Who are the greatest warriors in the Trojan War? What were their titles? And what exactly were the exploits of Aeneas, the son of Aphrodite?
Thank You.
Adwait.

Answer
Hello,

on the Greek side,the greatest warriors in the Trojan War were:

1)Achilles, the son of Peleus, king of Aegina, and the Nereďd Thetis. He was the mightiest of the Greeks who fought in the Trojan War, and is the hero of Homer's Iliad. Achilles’ most notable feat during the Trojan War was the slaying of the Trojan hero Hector outside the gates of Troy. He was invulnerable in all of his body except for his heel and died just because of  a small wound in the heel since Priam's son Paris, aided by Apollo, wounded him in the heel with an arrow.

2)Telamonian Ajax, the son of King Telamon of Salamis, aka "Greater Ajax," or "Ajax the Great“ to distinguish him from Ajax the Lesser, the son of Oileus, who also fought for the Greeks at Troy. Telamonian Ajax was  known as the "bulwark of the Achaeans, i.e. the early Greeks” (see Homer, Iliad, book 6, line 5). After Achilles, he was the mightiest of the Greek heroes in the Trojan War.

3)Diomedes, who later became king of Argos. He was the son of Tydeus, hence his name "Tydides". He was the favorite of Athena and was under her protection. He is regarded alongside Ajax as one of the best warriors of all the Achaeans (behind only Achilles in prowess).

4)Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, who commanded the united Greek armed forces in the Trojan War, together with his brother Menelaus, king of Sparta, who fought bravely at Troy, although he did not occupy as important a position as Agamemnon.

5)Odysseus, aka Ulysses, king of Ithaca, known for his cleverness and cunning, and for his eloquence as a speaker.

6)Patroklos, Achilles' close friend and warrior-companion.


As for the greatest warriors on the Trojan  side, here they are:

1)Hector, commander-in-chief of the Trojan forces and their allies. He was the eldest son of Priam, king of Troy, and led many of the attacks against the Greek troops;he killed Patroclus, the close friend and companion of Achilles, and thus  was eventually killed by Achilles, who was eager to avenge Patroclus' Death.

2)Aeneas, the son of Anchises and Venus/Aphrodite. He was a brave, skillful warrior as well as   a member of the royal line at Troy and cousin of Hector and was second in command of the Trojan army. He played a prominent part in the war to defend his city against the Greeks, being second only to Hector in ability.

3)Sarpedon, king of the Lycians. He helped his brother Priam during the siege of Troy. He was killed by Patroclus.

4)Glaucus, who fought valiantly  and was a captain in the Lycian army under the command of his close friend and cousin Sarpedon.


With regard to the exploits of Aeneas in the Trojan war  we know that,though Aeneas was one of the most respected of the Trojan heroes, perhaps second only to Hector, and engaged in single combat with the Greek heroes Diomedes and Achilles, he was not able to show his prowess as  twice he was rescued through the intervention of gods.
In the combat with Diomedes, in fact,  his mother Aphrodite lifted Aeneas in her arms to save him, but Diomedes leaped towards her and wounded her hand. Crying out she let Aeneas fall, and weeping for pain she made her way to the Olympus.
Although Aphrodite failed to save her son, Aeneas did not die that day. Apollo enveloped him in a cloud and carried him to sacred Pergamos, the holy place of Troy, where Artemis healed him of his wound.
Later, in the combat with Achilles, it was the god  Poseidon that rescued Aeneas.

So, to conclude, there was no  real exploit of Aeneas during  the Trojan war, maybe because he was  destined to become the founder of Roman culture in Italy.
In fact, when Troy was sacked by the Greeks, Aeneas fought on until he was ordered by the gods to flee, but finally left the city, carrying his father and the household gods on his shoulders; his wife Creusa was lost in the confusion, but his son Ascanius escaped with him.

Best regards,

Maria

Mythology

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Maria

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Greek and Roman mythology are my area of expertise.

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Over 25 years teaching experience.

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I received my Ph.D.in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy).

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