Native American Culture/Oconne tribe question

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Wooden plow
Wooden plow  
I recently took a trip down the oconne river just south of milledgeville ga. I have found a lot of artifacts in this area over the years. There was actually a known oconee tribe trail and village in this area. I found what looks to be some sort of wooden plow but was under the impression that natives didn't use any plows just stone hoes. I would appreciate any info you could give me. I will attach a photo.

Answer
It's a really interesting piece, that suggest use as a harrow or row rake. My understanding of pre-Columbian agriculture is that corn or sorghum were planted in hills, not rows, but the use of row planting came after exposure to European agricultural techniques, so that might be helpful in dating the piece. I have 18th century rakes in our tool collection that are made that same way, with closer spaced teeth of course. I recommend that you send information about where you actually found the piece as well as your images to the University of GA Anthropology dept. They would probably be able to tell you whether you have a Native artifact or a remnant of a colonial tool. Hope this helps.

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Richard Sutton

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As a direct reservation trader in all aspects of American Indian arts since 1985, I've answered questions regarding cultural property issues, origins of traditional crafts, materials and techniques, collecting, authenticity, symbols and, of course, repairs! We have operated a retail gallery since that time, bricks and mortar until 2007 and online since 1996. Our online operation closed in 2/2015, to allow me to finally write full-time. My writing site can be found at www.sailletales.com I'll be adding a book or two from our trader experiences under the pen name of W.T. Durand and the rest of my fiction is under my own name. We are not "New Age" practitioners of adopted American Indian religious ceremonies or combined philosophies. If you are seeking such knowledge for spiritual reasons, we will only provide answers that address factual information on these subjects. Unless one is raised in a traditional, American Indian family with language, culture and religious belief intact, we don't believe that simply applying the trappings or cultural property of a given traditional group will give a non-Indian (Native if you prefer)any insight other than the academic.

Experience

My primary focus is on Southwester American Indian Nations and their people, but I also have experience in Plains and Northeastern traditions, having engaged in active trade and retail since 1985 and study for most of my life. I am not claiming any expertise at all in the work, techniques, lifeways or crafts that are made by the Native People of Mexico. They are not the same, either linguistically or culturally but certainly their crafts deserve discussion and appraisal by those who are able to provide real information.

Publications
I was a guest on Fox Network "Lifestyles" program, during the 1990s, to discuss how to tell forgeries, and authenticating jewelry as Native American work. I have also written extensively for our website, www.kivatrading.com and our Ebay Store.

Education/Credentials
UofO, 1970 active in the Authentic American Indian Arts business and direct Trader since 1985. Graphic Designer and published novelist.

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