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Native American Culture/Native American Jewelry Hallmarks


Y hallmark
Y hallmark  
QUESTION: I have a piece of jewelry with a hallmark of a script Y inside the outline of a Mitten in Monument Valley and IHMSS underneath.  The piece was purchased new in the mid 1990's.  Do you have any idea who the artist would be?  I've attached a photo of the mark.

ANSWER: Your buckle was made by Francis Yazzie -- this is a late mark, so it was recently made when purchased. Hope this helps.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Doing some searching on the internet, now that I had a name to start with, I found that this may be the hallmark of Foster Yazzie instead of Francis Yazzie.  Can you confirm, please?

Foster may be a son. Francis was the first to combine the Y and the F. I'm not familiar with Foster, so you may be on to something. Hallmarks have a habit of moving along through family lines, and are often shared. Hope this helps. I also see that there is a buckle attributed to Foster Yazzie on Google images and it carries the mitten mark, too.

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Richard Sutton


As a direct reservation trader in all aspects of American Indian arts since 1985, I've answered questions regarding cultural property issues, origins of traditional crafts, materials and techniques, collecting, authenticity, symbols and, of course, repairs! We have operated a retail gallery since that time, bricks and mortar until 2007 and online since 1996. Our online operation closed in 2/2015, to allow me to finally write full-time. My writing site can be found at I'll be adding a book or two from our trader experiences under the pen name of W.T. Durand and the rest of my fiction is under my own name. We are not "New Age" practitioners of adopted American Indian religious ceremonies or combined philosophies. If you are seeking such knowledge for spiritual reasons, we will only provide answers that address factual information on these subjects. Unless one is raised in a traditional, American Indian family with language, culture and religious belief intact, we don't believe that simply applying the trappings or cultural property of a given traditional group will give a non-Indian (Native if you prefer)any insight other than the academic.


My primary focus is on Southwester American Indian Nations and their people, but I also have experience in Plains and Northeastern traditions, having engaged in active trade and retail since 1985 and study for most of my life. I am not claiming any expertise at all in the work, techniques, lifeways or crafts that are made by the Native People of Mexico. They are not the same, either linguistically or culturally but certainly their crafts deserve discussion and appraisal by those who are able to provide real information.

I was a guest on Fox Network "Lifestyles" program, during the 1990s, to discuss how to tell forgeries, and authenticating jewelry as Native American work. I have also written extensively for our website, and our Ebay Store.

UofO, 1970 active in the Authentic American Indian Arts business and direct Trader since 1985. Graphic Designer and published novelist.

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