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Native American Culture/Karankawa/ General Questions


Did the Karankawa Indians fight on the side of Texas or Mexico, I have tried to research on my own, but have been given conflicting answers. Also, is there any books you would recommend that go over most of the History of the North American tribes, especially referring to wars?

Thank you.

Since most of the tribal people except the Comanche, were gone from Tejas by the time the non-Spanish settlers moved in, it's hard to get any reliable information. From what I've gathered over the years, the Karankawa were feared by most of the coastal people and fought against the Spanish when the Conquistadors came in the early 1500s. By the end of the 1600s, they had either been killed off or had relocated to the East, entering the bayou country. They must have been assimilated by other tribal groups, but the bloodlines remained in spotty sections of the Tejas Hill Country. The only book I recommend that deals with the prolonged conflicts is Bury my Heart At Wounded Knee by Dee Wallace. It's the stand-out of the books told from the Indian's perspective. Good luck with your research.

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Richard Sutton


As a direct reservation trader in all aspects of American Indian arts since 1985, I've answered questions regarding cultural property issues, origins of traditional crafts, materials and techniques, collecting, authenticity, symbols and, of course, repairs! We have operated a retail gallery since that time, bricks and mortar until 2007 and online since 1996. Our online operation closed in 2/2015, to allow me to finally write full-time. My writing site can be found at I'll be adding a book or two from our trader experiences under the pen name of W.T. Durand and the rest of my fiction is under my own name. We are not "New Age" practitioners of adopted American Indian religious ceremonies or combined philosophies. If you are seeking such knowledge for spiritual reasons, we will only provide answers that address factual information on these subjects. Unless one is raised in a traditional, American Indian family with language, culture and religious belief intact, we don't believe that simply applying the trappings or cultural property of a given traditional group will give a non-Indian (Native if you prefer)any insight other than the academic.


My primary focus is on Southwester American Indian Nations and their people, but I also have experience in Plains and Northeastern traditions, having engaged in active trade and retail since 1985 and study for most of my life. I am not claiming any expertise at all in the work, techniques, lifeways or crafts that are made by the Native People of Mexico. They are not the same, either linguistically or culturally but certainly their crafts deserve discussion and appraisal by those who are able to provide real information.

I was a guest on Fox Network "Lifestyles" program, during the 1990s, to discuss how to tell forgeries, and authenticating jewelry as Native American work. I have also written extensively for our website, and our Ebay Store.

UofO, 1970 active in the Authentic American Indian Arts business and direct Trader since 1985. Graphic Designer and published novelist.

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