Ophthalmology & Optometry/ophtalmology and optometry


QUESTION: i was having bitemporal headache. i went to a ophthalmologist and he did my automated refreaction which is in the photo stated as AR. and then he did subjective refraction measurement which is stated in photo as refraction. but he did not prescribed glasses. do i need one? and if yes what power of glass should be? i can't understand what those two "+" crosses under refraction indicate.

ANSWER: Need more info.   Age. Health status.  History of migraines.  Smoker .  Work. When do you get headaches?  When on Pc? When reading?  In am? In pm?  Wake up with headache?  

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QUESTION: i am 22 years old. i am having bitemporal headache all the time, it is dull in type of pain. i don't smoke. i am a med student, working as internee in civil hospital.

Get a head MRI to rule out intracranial pathology. Other causes could be near point stress. Tension, anxiety, refractive error.   Get another opinion  also if your doctor felt that you don't need glasses, what did he say was the cause of your headaches?

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Any and all questions with regard to ocular ailments, eye diseases as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, etc , eye and visual sympomatology, eyeglasses, contact lenses, low or subnormal vision, pediatric vision conditions,and special and unique ailments will be discussed.


36 years of clinical experience in opticianry and therapeutic optometry. Still in private practice with special interests in vision conditions, diagnosing and treating ocular ailments, prescibing treatment plans which include medicine, eyeglasses, and contact lenses primarily. Although surgery is not within the realm of my area of expertise, I co-manage many pre and post -op surgical cases which include Lasik and PRK procedures.

New Jersey Society of Optometric Physicians American Optometric Association

B.A.,1968, Hunter College of the City University of New York B.S.,1970, Pennsylvania College of Optometry O.D.,1973, Pennsylvania College of Optometry Therapeutic Pharmaceutical Administration Certification, New Jersey 1992

Awards and Honors
Clinical Efficiency Award, 1973, Pennsylvaania College of Optometry

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