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Hello Mojtaba,
I have a question regarding pronunciation of the Persian world ma'dudi ("a few") in the following sentence:
dar kenar-e shi'e dar iran ma'dudi-e sonni wojud darad.
Question 1: is ther an ezafe between ma'dudi and sonni?
Question 2: what is the emphasis/accent on ma'dudi? is it on the last sylable -i or on the long syllable  -du?
Many thanks for your help.
BTW do you know how to get the keyboard on the screen of my PC? I have Farsi as script but cannot see the keyboard on my screen.

Dear Tongren,

Glad to see you back!

To your question, there is no 'اضافه' between معدودی and سنّی.
The emphasis is also on the second syllable 'du'.
The word is of course معدود which means 'few'. Then 'معدودی' means 'a few'. Just like: 'dog' (سگ) and 'a dog' (سگی) as in "I saw a dog: سگی را دیدم.".

To get the Persian keyboard, depending on what OS you're using, the procedure may differ. You can however goto Control Panel > Region and Language on Windows to find and install Persian keyboard at 'Keyboards and Languages tab', on Windows.
Once the language is installed, you may switch between EN (as for English) and FA (as for Farsi) by simply pressing Alt + Shift, anywhere.
Hope this helps.
Sincerely, Mojtaba

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Mojtaba Parsa


As you may know, Persian culture is one of the most ancient cultures in the world. This enormous volume of antiquity has always been affected by different cultures through the passage of history: National beliefs, language, religion, borders, etc. I can answer you about Persian culture before and after Islam - which is known as a milestone in Iranian history, and also about the various languages spoken by Iranians, and give you translations in today's Iran's official language, Farsi (Persian). I have a full access to Iranian books, scripts and antique artistic industries. For those of you who are interested in having a valuable Persian piece of text or art, this is the rightest place to be. Sincerely, Mojtaba


I am an Iranian and have studied general history about Iran. I am absolutely familiar with the culture and language of my own country.

My major is MBA.

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