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Periodontics/are my gums are receeding?


Close up of teeth
Close up of teeth  
i'm a 16 year old female scheduled to get braces soon. my teeth are really crooked and i have an overbite. i don't know if I've just been paying too much attention to my teeth now a days, or if my gums are actually receding. my bottom teeth gums seem weaker than my top teeth. And one of part of my gum i can lift up like a flap with my toothbrush, is this normal? are my gums receding at all? Are gum lines on teeth supposed to be higher or lower than the tooth right beside it, or are they supposed to be perfectly even?
thank you

Your gums look perfectly healthy, don't worry.

The shape and height of the gum line depends on the underlying bone and on the shape and position of the teeth. On the upper central incisors the gum is usually higher than on the teeth beside them. The gum line on your lower canine teeth is lower than on the other teeth since the canine teeth are located further out in the dental arch.

Sometimes the edge of the gum is mobile and can be separated from the tooth surface. This is normal.

The  gum line will even out to some extent when your teeth are straightened with the braces.

Yor gums are not receding. Keep taking good care of your teeth and gums.


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Marketta Hormia, DDS, PhD


I am a periodontist living and working in Helsinki, the capital of Finland, where I have my private dental practice. I am an international member of the American Academy of Periodontology. I have a Ph.D degree and a long background in research and teaching at the University of Helsinki and at the University of Turku, Finland. I function as an adjunct Professor at these Universities. I have also worked as a visiting scientist at the Scripps Clinic and research Foundation, la Jolla, CA. I can answer any question in the fields of dentistry and periodontics.


Private practitioner in Helsinki, Finland over 20 years. Former researcher and teacher at two Finnish Universities.

The Finnish Society of Dentists, Division of Periodontology, American academy of Periodontology

Over 30 scientific research articles published in peer-reviewed international scientific journals (can be found on PubMed)

D.D.S., Ph.D, Specialist in Periodontology. Adjunct Professor.

Awards and Honors
Visiting Scientist at the Scripps Research Foundation, San Diego, California, 1992-1994. NIH grant

Past/Present Clients
Dental patients, national and international. All kinds of dental, oral and temporomandibular joint problems

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