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Change is the transformation of a state to a different state through the passage of time. it means in the beginning state A is not state B but will become state B later.

1) Existence have the potential to change. but what causes this change,? Something within or outside it self? can something transcend existence( something not of ordinary existence)? Is potential an existent?  

2) The concept and nature of change is complex. Is change a mystery to modern science? Can its very nature be known through science?

the ultimate change i think is the change of moral character, for everything has a moral degree to it.

change itself is an existent, I discovered.

nothingness, like space, is not nothing, for it can be quantified and word-labelled. It is a word-concept that exists.

3) Is  science and mathematics, etc   morally neutral?  It "just" discovers facts( like atoms are a certain size)  but its application is not neutral; its use can be beneficial to humankind.  Also, "knowing" is a moral concept. The implications of facts such as light speed is 186, 000 miles per second is not a neutral concept; it is a law of nature, and laws of nature exist for a purpose and a reason.

Existence, change, nothingness, etc., are trick concepts. See:

Those will give you a sense of the wide range of issues involved.

Since existence is being, everything that exists in any sense has it. Nothing can transcend being.

Very few philosophers would agree that everything has a moral character.

Many, but by no means all, philosophers would agree with you that the laws of nature exist for a purpose and a reason.





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Charles K. MacKay


I can answer a number of questions in philosophy; my academic concentrations (graduate school at Cornell) are ethics, political philosophy, and 19th-century German philosophy (Marx, Hegel, and hangers-on.)



BA, New College, 1971, Philosophy and Religion
Awarded four graduate fellowships upon graduation

MA, Cornell University, 1974
Social and Political Philosophy, Danforth Fellowship

All course work and dissertation drafts completed for Ph.D. Cornell University, 1971-1975, Social and Political Philosophy, Danforth Fellowship

Courses in statistics and microeconomics, George Washington University and The American University, 1976-1978

EXPERIENCE: Health Insurance Specialist 2005 - Present
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service
US Department of Health and Human Services

Allentown Business School Instructor (Computer Science) 2003 - 2005

Northampton Community College
Adjunct Professor of Philosophy 2003 -2005

Lehigh County Community College
Adjunct Professor of Philosophy and Computer Science


Medicare Made Easy (with Charles B. Inlander) Addison-Wesley, 1989

Good Operations, Bad Operations (with Charles B. Inlander) Viking Press, 1993

Health Rebooted: Information Changes Everything (in press), 2008

Bachelor of Arts, Philosphy and Religion, New College, 1971 Master of Arts, Social and Political Philosophy, Cornell University, 1975

Awards and Honors
Danforth Fellowship, Woodrow Wilson Fellowship

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