a) What is the wavelength of the photon needed to ionize a hydrogen atom from its n=3 state?
b) The Balmer series for the hydrogen atom corresponds to transitions that terminate in the state with quantum number n=2.
i. What is the longest wavelength of light emitted in these transitions?
ii. What is the shortest wavelength of visible light emitted in these transitions? (note: visible light has wavelengths in the range of 390nm-700nm)
a) In order to ionize (remove) an electron from a hydrogen atom the incoming photon must have sufficient energy to remove the electron. An electron in the n=3 energy state has an energy:
The wavelength of the required light photon will be:
Therefore:, the required wavelength will be:
For the Balmer spectrum do the same as above but where the minimum transition is between n=3 and n=2 for the red light and n=infinity and n=2 for the shortest wavelength.