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# Physics/electric fields, charge distributions

Question

uniformly-charged ring
Hi, I was just wondering if it would be possible to get some help with tis problem. I don't seem to understand what to do at all. Thanks for any help. A picture is provided to better visualize the problem.

Consider a uniformly-charged ring having a radius of R and a total charge of q_ring.

(a) What is the linear charge density of the ring? Express your answer in terms of R and q_ring
(b) Consider a small element of arc angle delta theta and position theta. What is the charge delta q of this element? Express your answer in terms of R, q_ring, delta theta and theta
(c) What are (i) the electric field delta E, (ii) the electric potential delta V, at P due to delta q? Express your answer in terms of R, q_ring, delta theta, theta and x
(d) What are (i) the net electric field E, (ii) the net electric potential V, at P due to the entire ring? Use symmetry wherever possible, and evaluate your final integrals. Express your answer in terms of R, q_ring and x
(e) Verify that Ex = -dV / dx.

(a) The linear charge density, lambda, is equal to the total charge, Q, divided by the length, the circumference of the loop:
lambda=2*pi*R/Q
(b)The charge of each little piece of charge dQ will be the charge density, lambda, multiplied by the length of the little piece, dL: dQ=lambda*dL
(c) The little piece of electric field dE at the location of point P caused by the little piece of charge dQ will be:
dE=k*dQ/r^2=k*lambda*dL/(x^2+R^2)
Since for every piece of charge dQ on one side of the ring there is another piece of charge dQ on the opposite side of the ring. The y components of these two electric field will cancel and so all we need to calculate are the x components. Therefore, we need to multiply by the cosine of the angle:
dEx=k*lambda*dL/(x^2+R^2)*cos(phi)=k*lambda*dL/(x^2+R^2)*x/sqrt(x^2+R^2)
Integrating both sides of the equation:
Integral(dEx)=Integral(k*x*lambda*dL/(x^2+R^2)^(3/2)
Which becomes after integrating:
Ex=k*x*lambda/(x^2+R^2)^(3/2)*Integral(dL)=k*x*lambda/(x^2+R^2)^(3/2)*L
Ex=k*x*lambda/(x^2+R^2)^(3/2)*(2*pi*R)=k*x*lambda*2*pi*R/(x^2+R^2)^(3/2)
Since the potential is a scalar the calculation is MUCH simpler! The Potential at point P is just:
Vp=k*Q/r=k*Q/sqrt(x^2+R^2) where Q=lambda*2*pi*R
(D) Taking then derivative of the potential to get the electric field:
Ex=-dV/dx=k*Q/r=-d[k*Q/sqrt(x^2+R^2)]/dx=k*x*Q/(x^2+R^2)^(3/2)!

Physics