I would like to ask about electromagnetic pulses and their effects on electronic circuits.
I am a junior in electrical engineering, and I am curious because I do not understand why would EMP affect unplugged electronic circuits. I took basic 3 electronics courses covering the basics of both digital and analog electronics, and introductory EM courses so far, and would like an explanation suited to such level. I mean I tried googling but the *basic* answers I get don't reflect what I learned in my courses, and some answers were too sophisticated for me to understand fully. I mean I am not talking about antenna's or waveguides just operational amplifiers and bjts why would those stop working due to EMP?
You probably studied Faraday's Law in Physics.
It's about a changing magnetic flux in a coil inducing current into a circuit connected to that coil. The coil would not need to be a plain coil of wire. It could be a looping path in a circuit with resistance in it, semiconductors in it, etc. Such as the feedback path in an analog circuit. Op amps and other semiconductor devices have limits beyond which it can be damaged. I am not claiming that those limits would be exceeded by the average EMP. That's a discussion of the mechanism and potential for such damage.
Here is a list of links that will provide further reading material.
I hope this helps,