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Question
Dear Prof Steve

Why the stadium architecture of outdoor games like cricket or football do not have a closed structure?
Advantage could have been the ground or Pitch is protected against rain.
Retractable or sliding roof model for opening and closing can also help in this regard?

Thanks
Prashant

Answer
Hello Prashant,

Both have been done many times.

Covered  
51 years ago (Astrodome)
http://superbeefy.com/where-was-the-first-domed-stadium/

Retractable Roof
about 1940 years ago (Roman Colosseum - only covered the fans)
http://www.mariamilani.com/colosseum/colosseum_structure.htm

49 years ago (Pittsburg Civic Arena - large enough only for hockey and basketball)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civic_Arena_(Pittsburgh)

27 years ago (Toronto SkyDome - this was the first large enough for football and baseball)
http://www.citylab.com/design/2013/06/short-history-worlds-first-retractable-sta

I hope this helps,
Steve

Physics

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Steve Johnson

Expertise

I would be delighted to help with questions up through the first year of college Physics. Particularly Electricity, Electronics and Newtonian Mechanics (motion, acceleration etc.). I decline questions on relativity and Atomic Physics. I also could discuss the Space Shuttle and space flight in general.

Experience

I have a BS in Physics and an MS in Electrical Engineering. I am retired now. My professional career was in Electrical Engineering with considerable time spent working with accelerometers, gyroscopes and flight dynamics (Physics related topics) while working on the Space Shuttle. I gave formal classroom lessons to technical co-workers periodically over a several year period.

Education/Credentials
BS Physics, North Dakota State University
MS Electrical Engineering, North Dakota State University

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