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Plastics/Impact test

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Question
Dear Mr.Keeley
I have 2 questions.
1)could you please tell me about the relationship between impact test units? for example for a sample Izod impact is 7 kj/m2 and for another its 60 j/m. these units are different. is there any way for unit conversion between these units?
2)should we necessarily notice to test methods for 2 samples? in fact, if a test method be ASTM and another ISO and both of them be kj/m2, we cant compare these results with together? why?
thank you

Answer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izod_impact_strength_test

ASTM test for plastics[edit]
The North American standard for Izod Impact testing of plastics is ASTM D256. The results are expressed in energy lost per unit of thickness (such as ft-lb/in or J/cm) at the notch. Alternatively, the results may be reported as energy lost per unit cross-sectional area at the notch (J/mē or ft-lb/inē). In Europe, ISO 180 methods are used and results are based only on the cross-sectional area at the notch (J/mē).
The dimensions of a standard specimen for ASTM D256 are 63.5 x 12.7 x 3.2 mm (2.5" x 0.5" x 1/8"). The most common specimen thickness is 3.2 mm (0.125"), but the width can vary between 3.0 and 12.7 mm (0.118" and 0.500").

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Richard W. Keeley

Expertise

Hands on training of technical and operational personnel in all aspects of machine operations, quality monitoring, and process capability studies in a molding machine environment. Complete operation of production line facilities from concept (PPAP runoffs) to full production run statistics. Capable of a wide range of competencies on various computers systems and computer software. (RJG cavity and press monitoring, scientific molding methods and 8D problem solving tools) An ability to use continuous improvement techniques to maintain quality of products, scrap reduction and operating expenses in a manufacturing environment (TQM) Ability to trouble shoot Programmable Logic Control Systems (PLC’s)

Experience

A strong commitment to achieving sustained customer satisfaction through the use of quality systems. Met with customers on a regular basis to develop machine specifications and solve operational problems. Conducted customer training and troubleshooting on all types of machine operations throughout the United States and Central America. Experienced in the set-up and entertaining of customers at plastics industry expositions and trade shows.

Organizations
Society of Plastics Engineers Society of Plastics Industry

Education/Credentials
Ferris State College, Big Rapids, MI 1983. Associate Degree in Plastics Engineering Technology. Member of Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) Active participation in professional development workshops and seminars

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