Russia (News & Politics)/Was this true?


Did the country of Afghanistan use to be a former Soviet Republic?


Personally, I think that Afghanistan country was used to fight a proxy war between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. Historically several times the great powers had used small states for their proxy wars.

In the 70's, the world was in full cold war: The United States and the Soviet Union faced geopolitical control of the planet. A unprecedented diarchy in human history ruled political and military decisions of all nations of the Earth. The Afghanistan, all along borderland, from nearly 60 years was maintained in the orbit of the Soviet Union as neutral and non-aligned country.  

Fearing the definitive slipping of Afghanistan under Soviet influence, the American President Jimmy Carter on July 3, 1979 authorized military and economic aids to mujaheddin Afghans, that strengthened immediately their guerrilla war against the Government of Khalq. Brezhnev, fearing a quick victory for the Mujahideen, the December 24, 1979 ordered the invasion of Afghanistan. The US of Ronald Reagan responded by increasing support for 'freedom fighters', by congregating in Afghanistan and training thousands of 'volunteers' jihad, throughout the Arab world. Osama bin Laden was one of them.

The proxy war between the Usa and the Ussr in Afghanistan ended with the Geneva Accords of 14 April 1988 and the subsequent withdrawal of the Red Army (1989). A war that left behind it one and a half million Afghans dead, 15 thousand fallen Russians, three million disabled people and maimed, five million refugees and millions of mines.
Hi, Cristina.

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dr. Cristina Carpinelli


Cristina Carpinelli is a sociologist/politologist. She deals with research works from economic and social point of view, concerning Central-Est Europe (Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland), South-Est Europe (Bulgaria, Romania, balkan Countries), Russia and all Former Soviet Union Countries. She has also become an expert on social welfare and gender and family politics in Countries mentioned above. She can't answer the questions relative to other geo-economic and political areas or about other questions outside her competence/knowledge. She lives and works in Milan (Italy).


Cristina Carpinelli wrote many articles and essays on the Ussr and on the transition of the Fsu from a planned economic system to a free market one. She wrote some books published by Nuovi Autori, Franco Angeli, Achab, Sedizioni, Zambon, Mimesis, Amazon.

She is a Scientific Committee Member of CeSPI (International Problems Study Center of Sesto San Giovanni - Milan ) as an expert on CEE (Central-Eastern Europe) and South-Eastern Europe (including Russia), and a monthly contributor to “noidonne” Magazine for gender and family politics in CEE (including Russia). She is part of the team experts of the U.S. Site “AllExperts” for the categories: “Sociology” and “Russia (News & Politics)”. She was part of the teaching staff for the training module “Objective Russia” (professional diploma for economic operators - ISPI school; module suspended from 2015) and now She is part of the teaching staff for the training module “European Union and ethnic and national minorities” (diploma in “European Affairs” - ISPI school). She is a member of the Italian Association for History Studies on Central and Eastern Europe (AISSECO - Since May 2015) and a member of the editorial staff of Mitteleuropean Social Watch (OSME - since January 2016).

La società sovietica negli anni della perestroika (Nuovi Autori, 1991); Donne e famiglia nella Russia sovietica (F. Angeli, 1998); Donne e povertà nella Russia di El’cin: l'era della transizione liberale (Franco Angeli, 2004); “Identities in Transition: Fsu Countries after the Collapse of Real Socialism” (CeSPI, 2004); La Russia a pezzi (Achab, 2008); “L’allargamento dell’Europa ai paesi dell’Est” (CeSPI, 2008), paper presented at the Conference “Quo vadis, Europe?”, organized by Municipality of Sesto San Giovanni - Milan, November 18, 2011; “Paesi Baltici tra integrazione europea e ‘apartheid’” in: Ripensare l’Europa dalle fondamenta, Mimesis, 2014 (Conference proceedings “Ripensare l’Europa dalle fondamenta”. Conference was organized by CeSPI and Municipality of Sesto San Giovanni - Milan; November 30, 2013); “Ucraina: un paese spaccato in due” (CeSPI, 2014), paper prepared for the Conference “Crisi Ucraina: quali possibili chiavi di lettura?” (May 16, 2014) organized by the Municipality of Sesto San Giovanni (Milan) and by CeSPI; “Nato, Ucraina, Russia” (CeSPI, 2014); L’Unione Europea e le minoranze etniche: Case Studies: Ungheria, Romania e Paesi Baltici, co-author Massimo Congiu (CreateSpace - an Company, May 18, 2016). Coming soon: Russia as told through the history of its mass media.

Cristina Carpinelli graduated during the academic year 1983/84 with the thesis "Alcuni aspetti del processo di invecchiamento della popolazione in Unione Sovietica: demografia, previdenza sociale, occupazione e salute" (Some aspects of the ageing process of the population in the Soviet Union: demography, social security, jobs and health) - State University of Milan, Faculty of Political Sciences (Statistics Department). The thesis of degree was elaborated in the Ussr, at the State University Lomonosov of Moscow.

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