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Saxophone/A4 Yanagisawa Alto Saxophone

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Question
My dad was the manager of the USA NCO Club in St. John's, Newfoundland during WW2. Newfoundland was very strategic during those years. The US had 6 military installations there; Harmon Field, Gander, Goose Bay, Ft. Pepperell, Argentia and the American Naval Dockyard in St. John's. Dad was a very hot sax player and he had hundreds if not thousands of American servicemen sit in with him and his orchestra on a nightly basis and was always floored by the quality and talent of those men. He passed on the 4th of July, '92 and his drummer was buried on the 4th of July, '95; just some info to give us a connection. I have a Yanagizawa A4 Alto sax and I was wondering about its heritage...the serial # is 674141.. An info would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.

Answer
Hello Bill,
Thank you for your father's service!
Before 1980 the 1st and 2nd digit of the serial number represents the year of manufacture.
A4.. Alto starting....(1966)   ending....(1969)
Your fathers sax is from 1967. It is a professional Selmer mark 6 copy, made in Japan.
here is the history...The Yanagisawa Wind Instrument Company has been manufacturing and repairing wind instruments in Japan since 1893.
The years of American occupation following the second world war also brought with it American music i.e. Jazz and Be Bop. This was the introduction of the saxophone to Japan. As brass wind instrument manufacturers and repairers, the Yanagisawa Company were often asked to do repairs on saxophones by the musicians based in the Tokyo area. This soon led to modifying and improving some of the saxophones that came through their workshops.
After much deliberation the Yanagisawa Company looked into the possibility of manufacturing their own saxophone. In 1954 they launched their first model, the T3 tenor saxophone. This first model was was silver plated and engraved with the design of a castle. Incidentally, this first model was said to have been bought by an American soldier at the Komaki music store in Tokyo. In 1956 this model was soon followed by the A-3 alto saxophone.
For the next ten years the company to produce alto and tenor saxophones but did not produce any new models. However, as the company motto "Yanagisawa pursues technology" suggests they were by no means dormant. The company, endeavouring to become a saxophone specialist , remodelled the existing 2 saxophones and plans were on the drawing board to produce a full range of saxophones for the domestic market.
In June 1965 the remodelled alto was released as the A-5, closely followed by the T-5 tenor saxophone in February 1966. Not prepared to sit on their laurels, modifications were carried to both models and they were both launched as the A-4 and T-4 in April of that same year.
March 1967 saw the introduction of the first baritone made in Japan. The B-6 attracted a great deal of attention and acclaim. Their long awaited ambition was realised in March 1969 when the S-6 soprano was released. (The first soprano saxophone to be made in Japan)
The company continued their policy of upgrading and superceded the A-4 by bringing out the A-6 alto saxophone in August 1970. By this time, the Yanagisawa Company had proved to themselves to be the leading innovators of saxophones on their domestic market, but the world stage was still waiting.
In February 1972,Yanagisawa developed their first solid silver alto saxophone.
In June 1972, they released the SN-6, the world's first sopranino saxophone with high E key. This first ever made Yanagisawa sopranino is now in the hands of Sonny Rollins.
With the saxophone line fulfilled, the company gained the fully fledged reputation of being the saxophone specialist manufacturer to accommodate all saxophone artists. Saxophonists, whatever their ability and whatever make of saxophone, were always welcome at the Yanagisawa factory to have their instrument looked at, overhauled or customised at very little or no charge. Many of the top Japanese saxophonists as well as international touring musicians called at the factory with their instruments. The skilled technicians listened very carefully to their points of view. A common complaint was of the mediocrity of commercially available mouthpieces. Always obliging in their quest to satisfy the needs of musicians the challenge was inviting. In December 1973 the Yanagisawa Company started production of their hand-made metal and hard rubber mouthpieces. These mouthpieces are held in high acclaim by musicians all over the world and the demand is increasing every year.
Up to this period the Yanagisawa Company had been manufacturing instruments for other well known saxophone companies who had their names engraved on them. Examples of this were the Selmer Pennsylvania, Conn Continental and saxophones under the Martin brand name. To this day I am still reminded by musicians of the similarities to the older saxophones.
In 1978 the Yanagisawa proudly began engraved their own name on the bell.
The models No.800 sopranos were completed and added to the range in July 1978.
In 1979 they finally succeeded in making their first curved soprano, one of the most difficult instruments to make, through Yanagisawa's well seasoned technology. The academic people and famed artist of both Japan and overseas, who had advised on its making, highly appraised the instrument. The whole range was upgraded in 1980 with the introduction of the superior series 880 models and the improved series 500 altos and tenors. With the introduction of the world's first inter-changeable crook soprano, the S-880 soprano was launched in June 1985.
The popularity and acceptance of Yanagisawa as a major name in quality saxophone production during this period gave the company more confidence to strive forward for their goal of perfection. With the introduction of the -900 and -990 series in baritone and soprano saxophones, the quest was on to prove to the world that another major innovation was due. The S-990 detachable neck soprano was the worlds first saxophone to have a high G key.
The success achieved here eventually saw the introduction of the -900 and -990 series alto and tenor saxophones in September 1992. Now the sceptics, who claimed that only the baritones and sopranos were very good, started taking the altos and tenors very seriously indeed. During the reign of the 900 series , further improvements were quietly taking place and eased the way for the most important introduction of any new series - Today's saxophones the -901, -902, -991 and -992.
Today's models went through the most major of any upgrade on any manufactured saxophone today. A complete re-tooling was carried out to facilitate the re-positioning of the tone holes and taper for the ultimate in pitch and action.
When talking to anybody from the Yanagisawa Company as to what they think is the most important priority in a saxophone, the answer is always "The sound". When you talk to most saxophonists and you ask them the same question the answer again is "The sound". So many musicians play on very old saxophones because they have "that sound". Unfortunately, many musicians have to compensate for the inadequacies of the tuning and older actions of these saxophones in order to get "that sound". That is the sound that we love to hear on some of our favourite albums.
There are so many theories as to why brass today should be so different to brass of yesterday, but really no one knows. Not accepting the general consensus that it could not be done, Yanagisawa began experimenting with different metals and alloys to achieve a sound close to the sound of the older saxophones. Having narrowed the field down to bronze, they built prototypes with different grades of bronze before deciding on which one would be the most acceptable sound. This was the birth of the -992 series. The -992 series, with its comfortable fast action, precision tuning and "that sound", was launched in November 1998.
Following the enormous success of the -992 series which was based on the deluxe -991 series, it was decided to introduce a more affordable range of bronze saxophones based on the -901 series. The S-902 bronze straight soprano was introduced in 2000 as an introduction. Production began on the alto, tenor and baritone models in January 2001.
thanks!!! Grant Koeller

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Grant R. Koeller

Expertise

I'm a Professional Jazz Saxophone soloist recently retired from 23 years with the USAF Band Of Flight, WPAFB, OHIO, experienced in performance, technique and equipment. I'm not a buyer/seller or dealer. I have 40 years Alto, Tenor, Soprano and Bari Saxophone performance experience with additional years on the Flute, Clarinet, Bass Clarinet, Bass Guitar, Piano, Drum-set, Guitar and Voice. I'm a third generation professional military musician, my father, Bill Koeller(1939-1997) was in the USAF 1958-1962, and played Jazz Hammond B-3 organ from 1957-1997, and my fathers Uncle, Alfred Koeller (1912-1993), was a professional Acoustic Bassist in the Army Air Corps in WWII, and also performed on Jazz Guitar, Hammond organ, Piano and tenor saxophone.

Experience

Professional Saxophone Soloist, 23 total years with the USAF Bands, 6 years with the USAF Band of Flight, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, performing on Tenor, Alto, Soprano, Clarinet, and Flute. 4 years in Japan, at Yokota AFB with the USAF Band of the Pacific. An Avid Composer and Arranger for the Night Hawk Protocol Combo. Former Lead Alto Saxophonist with the USAF Night Flight Big Band performing the music of Glenn Miller as well as other hits of the Big Band Era. I collect LP records of Jazz, blue's, classical and rock, and have over 12,000 records.

Organizations
USAF,Phi MU Alpha Sinfonia, Men's National Music Fraternity, Johnny Mack Super Big Band, Tom Daugherty Orchestra, Kim Kelly Orchestra, Dayton Jazz Orchestra, Eddie Love Big Band, Gem City Big Band, Jazz Central Big Band, Shin Sings Orchestra, Kim Kelly Orchestra,USAF Night Flight Jazz Ensemble, Different Hats Big Band, Jimmy Baker Blues Band, This Side Up, Freelance, KING KOELLER Quartet, Jazz Central Big Band, GB Work, Sax On The Web,

Publications
Saxophone On the Web; Anchorage Daily News; All Experts; Augustana College Public Radio, WVIK;

Education/Credentials
North Texas State University School of Music, Jazz Studies 1982-1986 Lead Alto, Lab bands 1982-83 and small group leader 1983-1984, Jazz Radio Host WVIK 90.1 FM NPR affiliate Rock Island, IL United States Collegiate Wind Band European tour 1980 Augustana College, Rock Island IL, Liberal Arts Music Mentors/Teachers:My father Bill Koeller, a Jazz Hammond B-3 Organist (1939-1997) Great Uncle Alfred Koeller, Acoustic Bass 1912-1993

Awards and Honors
Paul Shartle Musician of the Quarter Spring 2008; Glenn Miller Festival, Clarinda, Iowa featured soloist; McDonald's All-American Band and Jazz Ensemble 1979; US Collegiate Wind Bands,Paul Lavalle Conductor, tour of Europe,1980; John Phillip Sousa Award, 1980 Dimond HS Anchorage, Alaska; USAF National Defense Service Medal with Bronze Star; USAF Achievement Medal with 5 Oak Leaf Clusters; USAF Good Conduct Medal with 6 Oak Leaf Clusters

Past/Present Clients
Performed with, Bob Hope, The Platters, Four Tops, Jimmy Dorsey, Crystal Gail, Helen Ready, James Williams, Dallas Jazz Orchestra, Jack Jones, The Mills Brothers, the G-Clef's, Lionel Hampton at Carnegie Hall, Performed for the King Of Thailand 2005, Tom "Bone's" Malone, Roy Hargrove, Tommy Turrentine, Performed for President Gerald Ford, President George W. Bush, The Maguire Sisters, The USO Girls-Andrew Sisters Tribute, The Four Lads, Lincoln Berry, The Dayton Jazz Orchestra, Louis Bellson, Buddy DeFranco, Walter Bishop Jr, Sadao Watanabe, Bobby Shew, Pete Jolly, Quad City Jazz Ensemble, Augustana College Symphonic Band, Jack Scott, Catfish Jazz Society, Intrigue-Boston Wedding Band, The Mark Herbert Little Big Band, The Pacesetters Big Band, The Ambassadors Jazz Ensemble, Pacific Showcase Big Band, Jimmy Dorsey Big Band under the direction of Lee Castle, Ronny Scott Orchestra, Big Al's Hot Dance Orchestra, The Dayton Sidewinders, Tom Daugherty Orchestra, Johnny Mack Super Big Band, Ken Peplowski, Eddie Daniels, Buddy Guy, Roy Hargrove, Warren Parrish, John OMeara Jr., Dave Holcomb, Albia Silva,Vinnie Demartino, Clon VonFitz, The G Clef's

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