Seventh-Day Adventists/Seventh Day


Seventh Day is it literal or symbolic?

The 7th day of the week primarily represents a 24-hour period that falls at the end of a 7-day weekly cycle.  

The 7th day, as well as the other 6 days, are “literal,” being a measure of time (24 hours) for those who live on earth.  

Moreover, for most ancient people, these days of the week also had symbolic meanings in addition to the primary and literal definition of time.  Although the first common associations were with the Sun and the Planets, various Greek and Roman gods joined in the symbolism.  This explains how the days are named to this very day.

However, the Jews only viewed the 7th day as symbolic, giving it a name with religious meaning, associated with their God.  The other 6 days were only numbers; such as 1st day, 2nd day, 3rd day, etc., the 7th day being associated with the Genesis Creation Story, which is a memorial to the Creation of the world by the Jewish God of Abraham.  Thus only one of out 7 days had a symbolic meaning in Judaism.

The Naming of the Day

The Greeks named the days week after the sun, the moon and the five known planets, which were in turn named after the gods Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronus.  The Greeks called the days of the week the Theon hemerai "days of the Gods".

The Romans substituted their equivalent gods for the Greek gods, Mars, Mercury, Jove (Jupiter), Venus, and Saturn. (The two pantheons are very similar.) The Germanic peoples generally substituted roughly similar gods for the Roman gods, Tiu (Twia), Woden, Thor, Freya (Fria), but did not substitute Saturn.

In Hebrew, the days of the week are simply numbered, except for the 7th, which is the Sabbath (Shabbat). In Arabic, the days of the week are also numbered, and the 7th day is still the Sabbath (asSabt), but the 6th day is now alJum'ah, the day of "gathering" (jum'), when Muslims pray at the mosque (jâmi').

In Modern Greek, the days are also numbered, and the 7th is still the Sabbath (Savvato), but the 1st day is now Kyriakê, the Lord's day.

Interestingly, the 6th day in Greek is Paraskeuê, the "Preparation." This is actually the Jewish term, as preparation is made on the 6th day for the Sabbath -- preserved in a language today almost entirely of Christians, but formerly of many Jews in the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
While the Eastern Mediterranean languages reflect variations on a simple numbering of the days of the week, the languages of Western Europe all (except Portuguese) reflect names based on the names of the naked eye planets, which included the Sun and the Moon, either in a Latin version or a corresponding Germanic version.

The 1st day in Latin is named after the Sun (Solis dies), but Christians also consider that the Lord's day (Dominicus dies), as in Greek. The 2nd day is named after the Moon (Lunae dies). The 3rd day is named after Mars (Martis dies). The 4th day is named after Mercury (Mercurii dies). The 5th day is named after Jupiter, or Jove (Jovis dies). The 6th day is named after Venus (Veneris dies). And the 7th day is named after Saturn (Saturni dies), though it can still be called the Sabbath (Sabbatum or Sabbati dies).

It should be clear to all that the 7th day is a literal, 24-hour period at the end of the 7- day weekly cycle.   Moreover, this day also has symbolic significance to many people, especially for the Jews and some Christians.

But this begs the question, what about us today? What symbolic significance does the 7th day hold for those who claim to follow Christ and his Gospel teachings in the 21st century?   How should this day be viewed today?

21st Century Viewpoint of the 7th Day

For the modern Christian Sunday Keeper, the 7th day has no significance.   They correctly associate this day with the Old Covenant Sabbath of the Jews.  And thus it is viewed as an error that should not be repeated.  They also view the 1st Day (Sunday) as the New Covenant Sabbath for the Gentile church.

However, if you ask an SDA, they will tell you that the 7th day represents obedience to the Moral law of the 4th commandment, which is still binding on all in the NC today.  They will also say it represents spiritual and physical rest, identifying those who follow the true Christ and who is a lawbreaker.

Christ teaches neither view. Which means the church has a serious problem because they do not understand the Gospel of Christ, much less his doctrine of the New Covenant Sabbath.

Anyone that reads the Gospels will soon discover that Jesus did not teach that the 1st day of the week would become the NC Sabbath for the church.  Nor did he teach that those who follow him must obey the 4th commandment by not working on the 7th day.  These two points are irrefutable.

Both of these commonly taught views about Sunday or the 7th day are flat our wrong.  They are not even close to being correct Gospel doctrine.  Shame on those who claim to understand the Gospel, but do not.  Shame on those who misrepresent the Words of Christ and promote false doctrine in his name.  

No wonder Jesus predicts that the last church will be totally blind to the Gospel, needing to repent and reform their “wretched” doctrines.

Jesus view of the 7th day is what matters most.  Especially since he claimed authority over this symbolic day, which had so much meaning to the law based Jews.  

It is Jesus’ view of the 7th day that must be embraced by those who follow him.  He is the head theologian of the church, as well as its’ Savior.  What he teaches about the Gospel Sabbath must be correctly understood, embraced, and promoted by those who claim Eternal Life in his name.  This is also an irrefutable point.

John 5:24  “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.

Jesus Teaches 7 irrefutable points about the NC Sabbath:

1. Jesus Claims Authority Over the Sabbath Doctrine

2. Gospel Sabbath Made for Humanity

3. 7th day Sabbath NOT Removed or Changed to Sunday

4. Sabbath is still a Memorial to Creation in the NC

5. Sabbath Reformed to Allow Work

6. The Sabbath is for Communal Worship/Praise & Gospel Teaching

7.The NC Sabbath Represents Freedom From the Guilt of Law breaking, including and especially the 4th Commandment.

The NC Sabbath is a living metaphor for the Gospel.  When the Sabbath of Christ is correctly understood, so too the Gospel of Christ.   The opposite is also true.  An incorrect view of the Sabbath will result in a serious misunderstanding of the genuine Gospel of Christ.

Reformed 7th Day Sabbath

SDA Sabbath vs. Gospel Sabbath

For the past many hundreds of years, the church has been divided, confused, and wrong about the doctrine of the Sabbath.  For the most part, they did not even have the correct day and that is still the case today!  

Moreover, when those like the SDB’s or the SDA’s embraced the proper day, the 7th, they still embraced the wrong doctrine, ignoring what Christ teaches, even embracing the Old Covenant view of his enemies.  

Today there is no longer any excuse for such blindness and error.  It is time for the Laodicean Church, meaning all denominations, to repent of their many false views of the Gospel, of which the Sabbath is the most visible and public.  All need to REPENT as directed by Christ in the genuine Pre-Advent Judgment of the church, which is Rev 3: 14, not Dan 8: 14.

I trust this helps you better understand the discussion about the New Covenant 7th day Sabbath of Christ.  Here is Gospel truth for those who are serious about following Christ for Eternal Life.

Tom Norris for All Experts.Com & Adventist Reform

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Tom Norris


I can answer most any question about church history and theology, starting from 1818 when William Miller articulated the 1st Angels Message that became the foundation of the Adventist Movement. While this first prophetic message terminated in the spring of 1844, it was followed by what Adventists refer to as the 2nd Angels Message, which dates from the spring of 1844 until the great disappointment of October 22, 1844. By 1847, the 3rd Angels Message had been developed and this Sabbatarian theology represents the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Moreover, I can explain the historical and theological development of the SDA denomination from its beginning and on through the great Battle Creek schism that forced the SDA's to retreat to Takoma Park. Here the 20th century church recovered from their internal battles that had erupted at the 1888 General Conference in Minneapolis over the definition of the law and the Gospel. Fearing another repeat of this disaster, President Daniels, determined to hide this debate. However, this policy led to more conflict, especially over the role and authority of Ellen White, a unique and accomplished religious writer that had remarkable spiritual gifts. However, by the decade of the 1970`s, the church once again erupted into debate. The hierarchy settled the turmoil in 1980 with the trial of Dr. Desmond Ford at Glacier View. Here Dr. Ford was exiled because he supposedly disagreed with Ellen White over the Fundamentals. But this controversial action resulted in another major schism that is still in progress today.


Tom Norris was raised as a Seventh-day Adventist in Takoma Park, Md. He attended SDA grade and High schools, moving on to study Adventist theology at Columbia Union College. He also spent significant time conducting independent research in the General Conference Archives and the Ellen G. White Estate. Over the years he has also interviewed a number of prominent Adventist scholars, theologians, and Pastors ranging from the late Arthur White to the exiled Dr. Desmond Ford. In addition, he has amassed a large private library, which includes numerous rare books and manuscripts about Adventist theology and history. He is presently the online editor of Adventist Reform, and can be found at Adventist for Tomorrow answering questions online about SDA theology and history as well as promoting Adventist Reform.

Tom Norris attended SDA grade and High schools, moving on to study Adventist theology at Columbia Union College. He also spent significant time conducting independent research in the General Conference Archives and the Ellen G. White Estate.

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