This is a really difficult one. It was brought to my attention by a man who knows some Greek that whenever the first day of the week is mentioned in the Bible, it is directly translated as "one of the sabbaths." This man is now going to church on Sunday and is a former SDA. As for me, I am struggling with SDA beliefs and am not sure what denomination to attend. I am leaning most toward SDA. But I would like to answer my friend about this Greek translation, as to why it calls Sunday the "one of the Sabbaths" in all 8 Sunday verses by 5 different Bible writers. How is this possible when Sunday did not become a Christian Sabbath yet, and both days were not observed simultaneously until about 300AD? Is it possible that it refers to the day of the sun god? Could it be that these Bible writers acknowledged this day as a sabbath as a vestige of pagan beliefs? Or is there some other explanation? Note that the Zondervan Greek Interlinear mistranslates the Greek as "the first day of the week." But just take a look at the Greek and recognize the word "sabbath" and follow the corresponding numbers for each word to see what they mean in the dictionary in the back of the book..... and there you have a mystery! I'm stumped!!!!
You said, "This is a really difficult one." Well, for me, this is not difficult at all. It is a common mistake to jump to the conclusion that the word "sabbath" only applies to a day. In point of fact, the word itself doesn't refer to a day but to a specific form of "rest" which God took on the seventh day of The Creation. You'll find that Hebrew word used in Genesis 2, verses 2 and 3.
This is primarily how we know that the divine institution of God's Seventh-day [Saturday] Sabbath began at The Creation and not at the Exodus as unbelievers try to claim. This is beside the fact that God, Himself, states in Exodus 20:8-11 that the reason for the Seventh-day Sabbath is directly as a result of the seventh day of The Creation. (Notice that verse 11 clearly states that the day God blessed on the seventh day of The Creation was The Sabbath Day -- i.e., the same ancient Hebrew word is used both in Exodus 20:11 and in Genesis 2:2,3 -- and that Exodus 20:11 clearly states that this day was a literal, 24-hour day just like the first six days of Creation Week.)
However, scholars of both the Bible and of ancient Hebrew agree that the ancient Hebrew word for the "sabbath" is also used to apply not only to the seventh day of the week, but also to the seven days of the week and to the seventh year in the sabbatical cycle of seven years. It's a bit of an in-depth word study to figure all this out in the Bible. However, Leviticus 23:15 is actually an example of this where it says, "...seven sabbaths shall be complete." Literalists (and those who do not know the Law of God, such as the Sadducees; Mark 12:18-24), claim this means seven Sabbath days.
But, comparing the same instruction in Deuteronomy 16:9 ("Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee...") demonstrates that Exodus 23:15 is referring to seven weeks and not
to seven Sabbath days. Plus, the ancient Hebrew word used in Deuteronomy 16:9,10 does not
refer to Sunday through Saturday weeks but to any sequence of seven consecutive days. You see, the Hebrew has two other words for the concept of a week. One word refers to a week which always ends with the weekly Sabbath (sheba‛
; an absolute week; Strong’s H7651) and the other word refers to any consecutive sequence of seven days (shâbûa‛
; a relative week; Strong’s H7620).
So, getting back to the word "sabbath," Bible scholars recognize that the word “sabbath” can refer either to: (1) the seventh day in a specific sequence of seven days (e.g., Exodus 16:26); (2) any sequence of seven days (e.g., Leviticus 23:15,16; cf., Deuteronomy 16:9); (3) the seventh year in a sequence of seven years (e.g., Leviticus 25:4); and, (4) a sequence of seven years (e.g., Leviticus 25:8,9).
In short, there really is no mystery, at all, that the Zondervan Greek Interlinear translates the Greek "mia sabbaton"
from verses such as Matthew 28:1 as "the first [day] of the week." After all, four of these five writers you mention were Hebrew and it is no wonder that they would have used their Hebrew background as a template when translating their thoughts into the Greek language.
You said that "a man who knows some Greek" caused you to question these things. Why? Do you really think that "some" man who knows "some" Greek is going to know something that millions upon millions of Jews don't know? Do you think that a man who is a "former" Seventh-Day Adventist, and is now a Sunday-keeper, is going to "know" something that more than 14 million Seventh-Day Adventists don't know? Further, that such a disgruntled former Seventh-Day Adventist couldn't possibly have a twisted view of God's Word that does not really represent God's Truth?
The Bible, and the Truths of God, can be translated and understood in many ways; but, always from the viewpoint of the reader and is therefore subject to the traditional thoughts of that reader. God gave the truth in His Word for those who will have faith concerning it and study it with sincerity. But, He purposely left room for doubt in His Word for those who do not really want to follow God out of a sense of true love. He made it so that they could believe a lie, and be content with it, because they had no real love for the truth (2Thessalonians 2:7-12).
May God richly bless you in direct proportion to your desire to know, and to do, the full truth even as it is in Yehôshûâ' haMâshîyach, Jesus Christ, The Messiah, our Lord, and our Saviour. Awmane!