Seventh-Day Adventists/What does Gen. 2:2-3 refer to?


Dear Patricia:

What do you think it means in Genesis when God rests on the seventh day? "And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made" (Gen. 2:2-3). If this doesn't refer to the Sabbath being instituted at creation then what does it refer to? Remember that Moses called the seventh day "the Sabbath" (Ex. 20:11).

Thanks for your time.

Hello Steve,

Thank you so much for your question.

I believe Genesis 2:2-3 means exactly what it says:

Genesis 2:2-3 (KJV)
2  And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
3  And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

God set apart (blessed and sanctified) the 7th day as a day of rest from His creative works. There is nothing in the text that says or even alludes to Him repeating it every 7th day. There is no hint that He invited Adam and Eve to join Him in His rest.

Genesis does not say that God blessed the seventh day because He was making it as a rest day for man. The text clearly gives the reason why God blessed and sanctified the day: BECAUSE in it HE RESTED from HIS works. He may have had future plans for this declaration, but in Genesis and right after creation His reason is clear.

To say that the Sabbath began at Creation because God rested is adding to the canon of Scripture. If it were intended for Adam and Eve why doesn't Scripture say "they" rested? Also God created everything Adam and Eve needed prior to creating them. He declared everything "Good" and then He created them. He could have easily declared a day of rest for them prior to creating them or even after and then give them instructions for keeping it but He didn't.

I believe that it's important to remember that at creation Adam and Eve were in a sinless state and God visited them face to face in the Garden. Why would they need a day to remember Him when they had His presence? Why would they need a rest day right after being created? When they sinned and God cursed the ground, where do we find Him instructing them to keep a Sabbath to rest from their hard labor? There is no instruction because the Bible clearly says that BEFORE THE LAW WAS GIVEN sin was in the world.

Romans 5:13 (AMP)
13  [To be sure] sin was in the world before ever the Law was given , but sin is not charged to menís account where there is no law [to transgress].

The Sabbath was included in the law given at Mt. Sinai (Exodus 20) and it was first introduced to the nation of Israel (and Israel only) in Exodus 16.

Exodus 16:23 (AMP)
23  He said to them, The Lord has said, Tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord ; bake and boil what you will bake and boil today; and all that remains over put aside for you to keep until morning.

When the Sabbath was introduced, they had been been delivered from Egypt and traveling in the wilderness for several weeks but not one Sabbath had been kept up to that point or even mentioned by God. Why is that? And when it was given to them, there was no reference of their ancestors (Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc.) keeping it.

Up until Exodus 16, the Bible is silent about anyone keeping a Sabbath.

I hope this answer has been helpful. Be blessed.  

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Patricia Allen


As a former Seventh-day Adventist (SDA), I have insight of value to those who are questioning and/or trying to decide if they should leave or become an SDA. It would be my privilege to discuss SDA church doctrine, structure, Ellen White, the old and new covenants, and their various beliefs. The Bible will be my main source of reference and all quotes, etc. will be documented. I understand that there are different variants of Adventists, but I am only familiar with what I would call traditional or main stream.


I was a Seventh-day Adventist for over 50 years. I attended their schools and I was always active in the churches I attended. I also worked for the denomination for 37 years. Since I was educated in their schools from Grade 1, and because what I was taught came from the Bible, I never questioned my beliefs. I considered myself as one whom the Lord had chosen to bring out of darkness into His marvelous light. In the year 2005, I became keenly aware that Ellen White contradicted the Scriptures numerous times and plagiarized some of her most popular writings. At this point, I had to seriously consider studying for myself with the aid of the Holy Spirit to see if indeed I really had the truth. Sad to say, I discovered that I was deluded and deliberately deceived by the church I loved and served. In 2010, I requested that my name be withdrawn from the membership roster of the church. Since then, it has been my passion to tell those in the SDA church and those considering joining Adventism, the truth and freedom that I have discovered and enjoy daily. I interact on Facebook with SDAs frequently regarding their beliefs and doctrines compared to the Bible. In addition to answering questions on this site, I have a blog ( and the purpose of my articles is to expose the false doctrines of the SDA church After 50 plus years of trying to 'work' my way, I have discovered the sweet rest in the finished work of my Savior. I've also discovered that there is nothing that I have ever done to make Jesus love me less and there is nothing that I can ever do to make Jesus love me more. Jesus just loves me and this I know!

M.A.O.M. degree (Master of Arts in Organizational Management). I also have a B.A.I.C. degree (Born Again in Christ). My calling is to help spread the Good News of the Gospel and to help lift the veil by sharing Jesus, Who is the Truth and the Light.

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