Small Engines (Lawn Mowers, etc.)/Two-cycle rpm variation

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Question
Hi Eric,

I have an old Jacobsen 420  single stage snowblower with a two cycle engine and a Walbro carburetor.  It has no throttle control so it runs at the working speed at start up.  At start up the rpm seems normal, but sometimes during use, the rpm climbs way too high when not under a loaded condition.  If I immediately put the blower to work again when the rpm rises sharply, it will settle right back down.  At those times when the engine starts to "scream", as I'm backing it up, I have found that doing controlled choking brings the rpm down and if then sitting idle a bit it will calm down and run at normal rpm. When used at a later date, the engine may just operate normally from beginning to end.  The carb has only one adjustment screw and the manual says to adjust it when the engine is off until it seats lightly and then turn it one half turn counterclockwise.  I have done that.  The carb was supposed to have been recently rebuilt, but I did not perform the work.  Do you have any ideas as to what causes the sharp rise in rpm?  What can be done to limit that extreme speed?  Thank you for your help.  I appreciate it very much.

Duane

Answer
There could be an air leak causing the engine to lean out but this in not too common.

I found the parts diagram and your machine should have a Walbro carb.  The parts list part number for the carb says the parts are obsolete...it is wrong.

The carb you have is a Walbro SDC series (I believe) but you would have to check for sure.  Those carbs have an internal governor.  It could be malfunctioning but I have never seen one malfunction.  

I would check the carb butterfly shaft to make sure it is not wore and sticking...I have seen some wear cause the problem you described as well as gunk inside the shaft holes that caused the butterfly to stick.  

Are there any linkages connected to the carb other than the fuel and primer hose?

Let me know.
Eric  

Small Engines (Lawn Mowers, etc.)

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Eric A. Jones

Expertise

Lawnmower Repair . Certified Master Service Technician from B&S. Have 23 years experience on B&S, Lawn Chief, Weed Eater, Echo, Peerless, Wheel Horse, Snapper, Atlas, MTD, McCulloch, Homelite and many other numerous brands. Specialize in electrical repair.

Experience

Born and raised in the midwest. Started tinkering with engines when I was about 14 on my Suzuki RM-80. I began lawn mower repair at a small hardware store. I knew absolutely nothing. I read lots of repair manuals and met an older fellow who taught me many lessons. I continued working on small engines through high school and paid my way through college working on mowers at the same hardware store. Decided to get away from the midwest and mower repair so I joined the Air Force. I repaired air traffic control electronic equipment and ended up in Hawaii where I got a part time job at Small Engine Clinic. I gained a lot of experience from the Small Engine Clinic and had a blast repairing small engines. I then took the Briggs and Stratton Master Service Technician test and earned my MST. I then traveled to Wisconsin where I attended the factory update training seminar and received formal training. Continued working on mowers part time as I completed 20 years of military. Retired from the military on a Friday and continued in the lawn and garden industry the next Monday.

Education/Credentials
MAS Aerospace Operations BA Mathematics AAS Electronic Communications AAS Electronic Technology

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