Spanish Language/Spanish question

Advertisement


Question
rb1
First I'd like to say that I say your background on the Spanish expert's page and it is very impressive. My grandfather was born in Europe, but came to America when he was young and became a Spanish teacher. He passed away about a year ago, but he always said Spanish was the most beautiful language in the world. So I've been trying to pick up at least the basics of it on my own (I took French when I was in High School), mostly through online resources and a bit of Rosetta stone, but I'm not very good at learning languages.

Today, I'm working on reflexive verbs and I was hoping I you could assist me. I'm given the words: bañarse, despertarse, vestirse, irse, and cepillarse. I am told to insert them into this paragraph:

Marta ____ todos los días a las 7 a.m. Después escoge su ropa y ____ . Luego ____ para bajar a desayunar con sus papás. Después de desayunar, ____ los dientes. Cuando está lista, ____ a la escuela.

I know what the words mean and which slots they go in, but I'm having trouble properly converting them to be grammatically correct and was hoping you could show me how to do these examples so I can go through the rest of my practice easier. Thanks.

Answer
Hi Lucas,

Thank you very much for your question and the lovely compliment paid :)

Yes, reflexive verbs can be a bit of a tricky one for English speakers. Please see below for my answers:

Marta se despierta todos los días a las 7 a.m. Después escoge su ropa y se baña. Luego se viste para bajar a desayunar con sus papás. Después de desayunar, se cepilla los dientes. Cuando está lista, se va a la escuela.

Things to remember:
- Some verbs are 'stem changing in Spanish' which means that the main body of the verb changes in 1st,2nd, 3rd person singular and 3rd person plural. E.g. despertarse becomes se despierta
- With reflexive verbs, the pronoun will always go before the verb - e.g. me llamo, te llamas etc
- If the verb ending is 'arse', the conjugated ending will be 'a' for 3rd person singular
- If the verb ending is 'irse', the conjugated ending will be 'e' for 3rd person singular
- If the verb ending is 'erse', the conjugated ending will be 'e' for 3rd person singular

Hope this helps,
Kind regards,
Lauren

Spanish Language

All Answers


Answers by Expert:


Ask Experts

Volunteer


Lauren O' Hagan

Expertise

Although not my mother tongue, I consider myself a native speaker in Spanish after studying the language for many years, using it on a daily basis at home and having last year obtained my DELE C2 - the highest possible qualification in Spanish from the Instituto Cervantes. I am very confident to answer any questions about the Spanish language. I can also answer specific questions related to Andalucia and the Andalucian dialect as I have a profound knowledge of this area.

Experience

MA Applied Linguistics First Class Honours in Modern Language Studies (Linguistics, Italian, Spanish) C2 (Native Level) DELE Diploma from Instituto Cervantes Grade A A-level in Spanish My partner is Spanish so Spanish is the main language spoken at home. I also spend many months in Spain (Andalucia) each year with my in-laws. I have translated and proofread many Spanish documents including CVs for art academies and translations of GCSE papers from French to Spanish for ZigZag Education.

Publications
El Pensador, Bristol University

Education/Credentials
MA Applied Linguistics BA Hons Modern Language Studies DELE C2 in Spanish. CILS C1 in Italian CELTA qualified A Level Spanish

©2016 About.com. All rights reserved.