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Question
Hi can you please check and make sure i am on the right track with these. If not, can you guide me on the right path?


  1. No le regales peces a Sara, a menos que ella te los PIDAN (pedir).
   Cuando vamos a la ciudad, siempre VISITES (visitar) el zoológico.
   Existe un programa de conservación para que los ciudadanos APRENDISTE(aprender) todo sobre el reciclaje.
   Prometo decirte la verdad, siempre que tú me PROMETAS (prometer) mantenerla en secreto.
   Las calles se inundaron (flooded) en cuanto EMPEZASA (empezar) la tormenta.
   Puedes ducharte en mi casa, con tal de que no USES (usar) demasiada agua.
   Aunque el agua PARAZCA (parecer) limpia, tiene sustancias tóxicas.
   En cuanto LLEGUE (llegar) a casa, llamaré a María.

Answer
Indicative states what happens or happened. Subjunctive is used to express an action that may or may not happen. I will translate with a short explanation of why the verb should be subjunctive or indicative.
Next to the correct form of the verb I indicate how it is conjugated with the corrected error in parentheses.

1. No le regales peces a Sara, “a menos que” ella te los PIDAN (pedir). unless…
Don't give fish to Sara "unless" she asks you for them. ( She might not ask.)
PIDA--present subjuctive 3rd person(singular)--Singular is where the error was--you used the plural form.
2. Cuando vamos a la ciudad, siempre VISITES (visitar) el zoológico.
When we go to the city we always visit the zoo. (statement of fact)
VISITAMOS--present (indicative 1st person plural)
3.   Existe un programa de conservación “para que”  los ciudadanos APRENDISTE(aprender) todo sobre el reciclaje.
There is a conservation program “so that” the citizens learn everything about recycling. (It’s not saying that the citizens learn—that is just a hope.)
APRENDAN (present subjunctive 3rd person plural)
4. Prometo decirte la verdad, “siempre que” tú me PROMETAS (prometer) mantenerla en secreto.
I promise to tell you the truth “as long as” you promise me to keep it a secret. (Maybe you won’t promise…)
CORRECT! present subjunctive 2nd person familiar singular
5.  Las calles se inundaron (flooded) en cuanto EMPEZASA (empezar) la tormenta.
The streets flooded when the storm started. (statement of fact)
EMPEZÓ (preterite indicative 3rd person singular)
6.  Puedes ducharte en mi casa, “con tal de que” no USES (usar) demasiada agua.
You can take a shower at my house “as long as” you don’t use too much water. (I hope you don’t, but I really don’t know.)
CORRECT! present subjunctive 2nd person familiar singular
7. Aunque el agua PARAZCA (parecer) limpia, tiene sustancias tóxicas.
Even though the water “may” look clean, it has toxic substances. (Using the subjunctive here indicates doubt, hence “may”. If written with the indicative PARECE, the translation would be “Even though the water looks clean…” (statement of fact)
PAREZCA present subjunctive 3rd person singular
8. “En cuanto” LLEGUE (llegar) a casa, llamaré a María.
When I get home I will call María. (I haven’t gotten home yet…)
CORRECT! present subjunctive 1st person singular

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Marcia

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I can't translate field-specific technical jargon.

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I have taught Spanish for 23 years and have taken multiple trips to Mexico and Venezuela, including Studying several summers in Venezuela.

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Foreign Language Teachers Assn.

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BA and BSE in Spanish, MA in Education, Graduate studies in Spanish

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