Wild Animals/Siberian tigers


Hello Jonathan,

Question: How many Siberian tigers are left in the wild currently?

Also, why are Siberian tigers on the endangered list?

Dear Tetelasky

Thank you for your questions. I also wish to thank the authors of the websites I used.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siberian_tiger says there were 331393 adult-subadult Amur tigers in 2005 with a breeding adult population of about 250 individuals, but the Russian tiger population seems to be declining. http://animals.nationalgeographic.co.uk/animals/mammals/siberian-tiger/ and http://www.animalfactguide.com/animal-facts/siberian-tiger/ say there may be 400-500 Siberian tigers living in the wild and these numbers are stable. http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/tigers/about_tigers/amur_tige says there around 450, while http://www.tigersincrisis.com/siberian_tiger.htm estimates the population to be 350-450 tigers and http://library.thinkquest.org/6038/tiger.html gives an estimate of 360-406. I know this gives quite a range of figures, but a rough estimate seems to be 400.

http://library.thinkquest.org/6038/tiger.html, http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/tigers/about_tigers/amur_tige, http://www.animalfactguide.com/animal-facts/siberian-tiger/ and http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_are_Siberian_tigers_endangered say the Siberian tiger is endangered because people hunt tigers for their fur and body parts (used in traditional medicine) and destroy their habitat and there is inadequate law enforcement. In the 20th century, the numbers of Siberian tigers fell and there was a risk of extinction hence the classification of being endangered. Only 40 Siberian tigers remained in the wild in the 1940s. Conservation campaigns have tried to reduce the risks to the tigers, so that numbers can rise. Michael Graham Richard (http://www.treehugger.com/endangered-species/mystery-tiger-deaths-solved-canine-) says that Siberian tigers are threatened by canine distemper. You can find other information at http://answers.ask.com/Science/Other/why_are_siberian_tigers_endangered and its weblinks.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siberian_tiger#Threats says that the there are very few Siberian tigers and these show low genetic diversity, with over 90% of the population living in the Sikhote Alin mountain region with little movement of tigers to other areas. Poaching the tigers and their prey species may drive the decline. During the Russian Civil War, the armies in Vladivostok nearly wiped out the local Siberian tigers. In 1935, when the Manchurian Chinese were driven back across the Amur and the Ussuri, the tigers had withdrawn from their northern and western range. The new railways cut off the tigers in the East Manchurian mountains from the main population. Legal tiger hunting within the Soviet Union was prohibited in 1947. Only about 250 Siberian tigers survived in the mid 1980's. When the Soviet Union broke up, there was illegal deforestation and bribery of park rangers, so more Siberian tigers were poached.
Decades of development and war destroyed the population in Korea.

All the best


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Jonathan Wright


I can answer questions about wild mammals and other animals, as well as extinct animals and zoos. I am not an expert about every animal species. I can look up information from books and the internet, but can't verify if all the information is true. Please don't ask questions about: 1. Pets. I am not a vet. Please contact a vet if your pet is ill. You may need to spend some money if you want your pet to live. Don't get a pet if you don't know how to look after it and if you can't provide it with the space, food and possible companions that will help it live a healthy life. Don't take animals from the wild, unless they are ill and/or injured and you can protect them until a wildlife charity can help. It is cruel to take animals from their parents, especially if the parents will look for the babies, while putting their other babies at risk. You may be breaking the law by keeping wild animals or you may need a licence to look after some species. Please check with a local wildlife group. 2. Eggs: Please don't remove eggs from nests. The mother birds provide the right temperature for the eggs and won't sit on them if the temperature is warm enough for them to develop naturally. It is illegal to remove eggs of some species and, unless you have an incubator or a broody hen, the egg may not develop. If you are allowed to touch the eggs, you can candle them to see if they are fertile. If theys aren't fertile, they won't hatch. 3. Fights: Please don't ask about fights between different animals. These questions assume that individuals of two species fight each time they meet and that one species will always be victorious over another. This is untrue. There are cases where a live mouse has been fed to a venomous snake, bitten the snake leading to the snake's demise. 4: Diseases: Please ask doctors or other medical experts about diseases that you may catch from animals. I can't advise on how to deal with viruses, bacteria etc.


I have a zoology degree and have been interested in animals since I was two. I am a zoo volunteer at London Zoo. I have appeared on a BBC Radio Quiz, 'Wildbrain'.

WWF. ZSL. Natural History Museum. RSPB. London Bat Group.

Newsletters of London Zoo volunteers and the London Bat Group

BSC degree in Zoology. 'A' level in Zoology. 'O' Level in Biology.

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